When Do We Know What to Believe?

On Friday night 13 students at my synagogue were confirmed in their Jewish faith. I asked each of them to talk about their beliefs. Yet, I soon began to doubt whether this question was appropriate.

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When do we know what we believe? Surely not at 13 or 16.

Mark Twain famously said, “When I was 14, my father knew nothing. I could hardly stand to have him around. But when I got to be 21, I was astonished at how much he had learned in seven years.”

Twain is, of course, referring to himself. He grew immensely during those seven years.

Why, then, do most churches and synagogues have confirmation between ages 14 and 16? Surely, even though we may think we have all the answers, we do not know all we believe at age 16.

The reason is identity. During these mid-teenage years, we struggle to know who we are. We can always change and grow, but as adolescents we are discovering and building the foundation.

The point of confirmation is not to end our religious learning. It is to set it on a life-long direction. Faith is not something fossilized at age 16. It is a eternal wellspring of love, learning and transformation.

What is the Most Important Jewish Holiday?

The answer may surprise you. The most important Jewish holiday is not one that happens only once a year. It is one we celebrate every week.


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It is the Sabbath, known in Hebrew as Shabbat.

Shabbat is at the core of Jewish life. It is built into creation, as we discussed in a previous post. It is part of the Ten Commandments. It has helped keep Judaism alive, and it is a gift adopted in different forms by other religions and cultures around the world.

You Don’t Have To Be Wrong For Me To Be Right

As a parent I have to teach my children they do not always get their way. It’s not only important. It’s hard.

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Our culture reinforces the idea that with enough money or looks or connections, we can get anything we want. Life experience proves otherwise.

None of us get our way all the time. We have to accept the views of others and learn to live and work with them constructively.

The leaders of the American Jewish community need a reminder of this lesson. A recent incident proves why.

What Happened on Wednesday? 

Were You Ever Addicted to a Crackberry?

The Book of Psalms tells us “Number our days so we gain a heart of wisdom.” The Jewish sages took this verse literally. They instructed their communities to count the days between the holiday of Passover and festival of Pentecost.

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We count the days by saying a blessing over each of them. This little-known tradition has its roots in the agricultural cycle.

Why Henry Ford is Turning in His Grave

Two days ago the front page of the Wall Street Journal featured a story about Ford Motor Company. It discussed the expected new CEO, Mark Fields.

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Predictably, the WSJ is a business publication, the focus of the article was Fields’ experience and likely challenges. It did not mention that he is Jewish.

Why does this detail matter?

Henry Ford, the founder of his eponymous company, was one of America’s most virulent anti-Semites. He despised Jews, publishing a hateful newspaper and blaming them for America’s social and economic problems.

His newspaper even published excerpts of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a horrific document that first appeared in nineteenth century Russia, then reappeared in Nazi Germany and recently has been republished in parts of the Arab world.

While Ford’s immediate successors did not share his hatred, the company did not have a Jewish officer until 1977. The company was—and in some circles still is—associated with an awful period in American Jewish history.

Now it will be led by a proudly Jewish chief executive officer.

At the risk of seeming melodramatic, I think we can all see in this decision the best of America. We are a country that strives, as Martin Luther King dreamed, to judge people not on the color of the skin but by the content of their character. To that we can all say Amen. 

Is God Lost in Translation?

To best understand the Old Testament, we need to consult the original Hebrew. Every translation is an interpretation.

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Now some translation are better than others, and the vast majority of both Jews and Christians do not understand Hebrew. Yet, sometimes momentous ideas are lost in translation.

Among the most important ones is found in God’s encounter with Moses at the Burning Bush.

Author and Reverend Lillian Daniel and I had a wide-ranging conversation on Palm Sunday. It has already generated hundreds of YouTube views and several Huffington Post pieces.

Here is an excerpt where we discuss the legacy of antisemitism in the Church. To lighten the mood, we also tell a few good jokes.

Batter Up: 7 Spiritual Truths from the Baseball Diamond

Sports are one of the great sources for spiritual insights. As a child, I remember paying extra attention when the rabbi used an illustration  from baseball or football.

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They helped me visualize and understand the spiritual lesson. Of all sports, baseball lends itself best to Jewish wisdom.

Every year as the season opens, I am reminded of this truth. As a Chicagoan, most of whose synagogue members are Cubs fans, I need to draw from that wisdom often.

Here are seven insights gleaned from the baseball diamond.

Can God Make It in Hollywood?

God is now on the Hollywood A-List. With the release over the last month of both Son of God and Noah, studios have clearly bet on the popularity of religious themes. Will they succeed?

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The answer depends on what we mean by success. If success is studio profits, the answer is probably yes. Religious themes resonate with Americans. We know the stories and recognize their power.

If success is spiritual growth, however, the answer is no. The purposes of film and faith differ fundamentally. To say a film can teach faith is like saying a great tennis coach would also make a great basketball coach.